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Vaccination Requirements for Africa

Vaccinations for AfricaThe vaccination requirements information below has been extracted from the World Health Organisation website amongst others.

This information exists as a guideline only and it is strongly recommended that you go and see your doctor or tropical diseases hospital for the correct medication for you.


BOTSWANA

Malaria: Exists from November to May/June in the northern parts of the country: Boteti, Chobe, Ngamiland, Okavango, Tutume districts/subdistricts.
Recommended medication: 'Malarone' (atovaquone and proguanil hydrochloride).


KENYA

Yellow fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over 1 year of age coming from infected areas.
Malaria: Malaria risk—predominantly due to P. falciparum—exists throughout the year in the whole country. There is normally little risk in the city of Nairobi and in the highlands (above 2500 m) of Central, Eastern, Nyanza, Rift Valley and Western provinces.
Recommended medication: 'Malarone' (atovaquone and proguanil hydrochloride).


MALAWI

Yellow fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers coming from infected areas.
Malaria: Malaria risk—predominantly due to P. falciparum—exists throughout the year in the whole country.
Recommended medication: 'Malarone' (atovaquone and proguanil hydrochloride).


MOZAMBIQUE

Yellow fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over 1 year of age coming from infected areas.
Malaria: Malaria risk—predominantly due to P. falciparum—exists throughout the year in the whole country.
Recommended medication: 'Malarone' (atovaquone and proguanil hydrochloride).


NAMIBIA

Yellow fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers coming from infected areas - or who were in transit through infected areas (unless they remained on board or at the airport).
Malaria: From November to May/June in the northern regions and in Omaheke and Otjozondjupa. Also throughout the year along the Kavango and Kunene Rivers.
Recommended medication: 'Malarone' (atovaquone and proguanil hydrochloride).


SOUTH AFRICA

Yellow fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over 1 year of age coming from infected areas
Malaria: Exists in northern Mpumalanga (including the Kruger National Park), Northern Province and north-eastern KwaZulu-Natal as far south as the Tugela River.
Recommended medication: 'Malarone' (atovaquone and proguanil hydrochloride).


TANZANIA

Yellow fever: A vaccination certificate is required when travelling to Tanzania. Yellow Fever is common in the more remote areas of Tanzania.
Malaria: Occurs year round in all parts of Tanzania and it is recommended before you travel to get the required dosage of malaria medication.
Recommended medication: 'Malarone' (atovaquone and proguanil hydrochloride).


UGANDA

Yellow fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over 1 year of age coming from endemic areas.
Malaria: Malaria risk—predominantly due to P. falciparum—exists throughout the year in the whole country including the main towns of Fort Portal, Jinja, Kampala, Mbale and parts of Kigezi. Resistance to chloroquine and sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine reported.
Recommended medication: 'Malarone' (atovaquone and proguanil hydrochloride).


ZAMBIA

Yellow fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over 1 year of age coming from endemic areas.
Malaria: Malaria risk—predominantly due to P. falciparum—exists throughout the year in the whole country. Resistance to chloroquine and sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine reported.
Recommended medication: 'Malarone' (atovaquone and proguanil hydrochloride).


ZIMBABWE

Yellow fever: A vaccination certificate is required from travellers coming from infected areas
Malaria: Exists from November through June in areas below 1200m and throughout the year in the Zambezi valley.
Recommended medication: 'Malarone' (atovaquone and proguanil hydrochloride).

 

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OTHER HEALTH RISKS IN AFRICA:

Additional Information on other health risks in Africa


Aids:

Sub-Saharan Africa is more heavily affected by HIV and AIDS than any other region of the world. 

Read more about AIDS in Africa


Malaria:

Occurs in most African countries and you should take anti malaria tablets before travelling to the infected areas.

Read more about malaria in Africa


Yellow Fever:

Yellow fever is a viral disease that has caused large epidemics in Africa and the Americas.

Read more about yellow fever in Africa


Typhoid:

A vaccination against it is advisable if staying in Africa for more than a few weeks.


Rabies:

Injection is advisable for those who are travelling Africa for more than 3 months and who are cycling, hiking and handling animals. Pre-travel rabies injection involves having 3 injections over 28 days before arriving in the country.


Hepatitis A and B:

Travellers who are considering long term travel should consider obtaining the series of Hepatitis B injections.


Meningococcal Meningitis:

Zambia and Malawi are areas that are affected by this. If extending your stay in these areas it is advisable to have the innoculation which protects against many forms of Meningitis.


Diptheria and Tetanus:

Vaccinations for this are recommended as a preventative measure for everyone.

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